May 6, 2010, in General News
On May 1, 2010, Dr. Florence Clark delivered her Inaugural Presidential Address at the 90th Annual AOTA Conference and Expo in Orlando, Florida.
“Passionately and directly, Clark wasted no time focusing in on her message for the audience, encouraging students, scientists, educators, and practitioners, using the analogy of today’s television technology. She noted that the televisions that populated households several years ago were fine, even an improvement over the black-and-white televisions from long ago, but it’s time to bring the profession into high definition so that those inside and outside the profession will see occupational therapy clearly.”
Apr 29, 2010, in General News
Dr. Sharon Cermak and a team of experts explore food selectivity in children with autism spectrum disorders in recently published articles from the Journal of the American Dietetic Association and The Journal of Pediatrics.
“Food Selectivity and Sensory Sensitivity in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders”
Sharon A. Cermak, EdD; Carol Curtin, MSW; Linda G. Bandini, PhD, RD
Journal of the American Dietetic Association (2010),110, pp.238-246
Abstract: Autism spectrum disorders comprise a complex set of related developmental disorders that are characterized by impairments in communication, social interaction, and repetitive behaviors. Impairments in sensory processing are also extremely common. The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders is increasing and is currently estimated to affect 1 in 150 children. Autism spectrum disorders are considered to be a major health and educational problem, affecting many areas of daily living, including eating. Children with autism spectrum disorders are often described as picky or selective eaters. This article provides a comprehensive narrative review of the empirical literature over the last 25 years on food selectivity and nutritional adequacy in children with autism spectrum disorders. The possible contributions of sensory factors, such as sensory sensitivity, to food selectivity are discussed. The need for an interdisciplinary approach to managing atypical eating patterns in children with autism spectrum disorders is highlighted.
“Food Selectivity in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Typically Developing Children”
Linda G. Bandini, PhD, RD; Sarah E. Anderson, PhD; Carol Curtin, MSW; Sharon Cermak, EdD, OTR/L; E. Whitney Evans, MS, RD; Renee Scampini, MS, RD; Melissa Maslin, MEd; Aviva Must, PhD
The Journal of Pediatrics (2010), In Press.
Objectives: To define food selectivity and compare indices of food selectivity among children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and typically developing children, and to assess the impact of food selectivity on nutrient adequacy.
Study design: Food selectivity was operationalized to include food refusal, limited food repertoire, and high-frequency single food intake using a modified food frequency questionnaire and a 3-day food record. Food selectivity was compared between 53 children with ASDs and 58 typically developing children age 3-11 years. Nutrient adequacy was assessed relative to the dietary reference intakes.
Results: The children with ASDs exhibited more food refusal than typically developing children (41.7% of foods offered vs. 18.9% of foods offered; P <.0001). They also had a more limited food repertoire (19.0 foods vs. 22.5 foods; P <.001). Only 4 children with ASDs and 1 typically developing child demonstrated high-frequency single food intake. Children with a more limited food repertoire had inadequate intake of a greater number of nutrients.
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that food selectivity is more common in children with ASDs than in typically developing children, and that a limited food repertoire may be associated with nutrient inadequacies.
Feb 27, 2010, in General News
Professor Lisa Aziz-Zadeh is interviewed by USC News about her study on prosody and empathy.
“A new study in the journal Public Library of Science ONE finds that people use the same brain regions to produce and understand intonation in speech. Many studies suggest that people learn by imitating through so-called mirror neurons. This study shows for the first time that prosody - the music of speech - also works on a mirror-like system.”
The full article is found on the USC News Website.
Feb 23, 2010, in General News
Defying the Odds: The Tule River Tribe’s Struggle for Sovereignty in Three Centuries. “An anthropologist and a legal scholar combine expertise in this innovative book, deploying the history of one California tribe—the Tule River Tribe—in a definitive study of indigenous sovereignty from earliest contact through the current Indian gaming era.”
More information on the Yale University Press Website
Jan 29, 2010, in General News
“Wanted: Men for Occupational Therapy Jobs”
Unemployed males looking for a new career path could turn to occupational therapy. It’s one of the many health-related jobs growing during the economic down turn. It’s also a field traditionally dominated by women. Females make up 90 percent of workers and men 10 percent, and recruiting males into the field has been a challenge.