Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy
Human life comprises hundreds of daily activities that occupy our waking hours. These activities — defined as “occupations” — have a profound impact on how we feel physically, emotionally, socially and even spiritually. They can provide a sense of satisfaction and well-being but they can also create stress, imbalance and dissatisfaction. While they do include professional, employment and work activities, occupations encompass more than just a person’s career because people of all ages, cultures and capabilities engage in occupations. Occupational therapy is the profession concerned with promoting health and well-being through engagement in everyday activity, while occupational science is the study of the phenomena of occupation.
Occupational therapy is a health care profession aimed at improving performance, preventing illness and disability and promoting adaptation to life changes. In this interdisciplinary field, occupational therapists help all people — those with and without disabilities — to realize healthier, happier and more productive lives. With demand for health care services anticipated to be strong throughout this decade, occupational therapy is also a secure career choice. In fact, the profession of occupational therapy has recently been named a:
- “No. 13 Best Job of 2019” by U.S. News & World Report
- “No. 4 Best Job in America for 2019” by Glassdoor
- “Ten Least Offshorable Occupations and Ten Least Automatable Occupations” by Ball State University’s Center for Business and Economic Research
- “Robot-Proof Job” by Marketplace Morning Report
- “No. 9 Best Job of 2017” by CareerCast
- “19 Hottest Jobs for 2016” by MSN Money
- “No. 20 Best-Paying Job for Women Right Now” by Forbes
- “No. 1 Job that Robots are Least Likely to Take Over” by Business Insider
- “No. 4 of 5 Most In-Demand Jobs Right Now” by Time Magazine
- “Employment of occupational therapists is projected to grow 27 percent from 2014 to 2024, much faster than the average for all occupations.” —Bureau of Labor Statistics
Occupational Science is the scientific study of human activity. This academic discipline generates knowledge about the impact of occupation on the health of individuals, communities, nations and the world. Devoted to supporting clinical practices of occupational therapy through scientific research, occupational science draws upon multiple disciplines (such as education, physiology, pediatrics, gerontology, etc.) to understand the underlying, diverse forces that shape occupation, as well as the effect of occupation on our health and well-being.