Faculty/Staff Resources Student Resources
University of Southern California
University of Southern California
USC Chan Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy
USC Chan Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy
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Christopher Laine PhD

Christopher Laine PhD

Assistant Professor of Research

CHP 107
(626) 354-9358
.(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address)

Christopher Laine is a Research Assistant Professor within the Chan Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy.  He has a BS in Biomedical Engineering from Rutgers University and a PhD in Physiological Sciences from the University of Arizona.  He completed postdoctoral research in the field of Neurorehabilitation Engineering in Goettingen, Germany, and at USC, within the Division of Biokinesiology and Physical Therapy.  His research and teaching activities have centered on neuroscience, biosignal processing, and data analysis.

Dr. Laine’s research focuses on the neurophysiology of human movement control, as well as developing measures of nervous system integrity to guide clinical assessments or interventions.  His previous and current work includes studies related to a variety of neurodegenerative diseases and movement disorders, as well as the basic science of sensorimotor integration.

See a complete list of Dr. Laine’s published articles.


Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Physiological Sciences
2011 | University of Arizona

Bachelor of Science (BS) in Biomedical Engineering
2005 | Rutgers University



Journal Articles

Nagamori, A., Laine, C. M., Loeb, G. E., & Valero-Cuevas, F. J. (2021). Force variability is mostly not motor noise: Theoretical implications for motor control. PLoS Computational Biology, 17(3), e1008707. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1008707 Show abstract

Marin-Pardo, O., Phanord, C., Donnelly, M. R., Laine, C. M., & Liew, S.-L. (2021). Development of a low-cost, modular muscle–computer interface for at-home telerehabilitation for chronic stroke. Sensors, 21(5), 1806. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051806 Show abstract


Journal Articles

Marin-Pardo, O., Laine, C. M., Rennie, M., Ito, K. L., Finley, J., & Liew, S.-L. (2020). A virtual reality muscle–computer interface for neurorehabilitation in chronic stroke: A pilot study. Sensors, 20(13), 3754. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20133754 Show abstract

Laine, C. M., & Valero-Cuevas, F. J. (2020). Parkinson's disease exhibits amplified intermuscular coherence during dynamic voluntary action. Frontiers in Neurology, 11, 204. https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2020.00204 Show abstract


Journal Articles

Yilmaz, G., Laine, C. M., Tinastepe, N., Özyurt, M. G., & Türker, K. S. (2019). Periodontal mechanoreceptors and bruxism at low bite forces. Archives of Oral Biology, 98, 87-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archoralbio.2018.11.011 Show abstract


Journal Articles

Nagamori, A., Laine, C. M., & Valero-Cuevas, F. J. (2018). Cardinal features of involuntary force variability can arise from the closed-loop control of viscoelastic afferented muscles. PLOS Computational Biology, 14(1), e1005884. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005884 Show abstract


Journal Articles

Jalaleddini, K., Nagamori, A., Laine, C. M., Golkar, M. A., Kearney, R. E., & Valero‐Cuevas, F. J. (2017). Physiological tremor increases when skeletal muscle is shortened: implications for fusimotor control. The Journal of Physiology, 595(24), 7331-7346. https://doi.org/10.1113/JP274899 Show abstract

Laine, C. M., & Valero-Cuevas, F. J. (2017). Intermuscular coherence reflects functional coordination. Journal of Neurophysiology, 118(3), 1775-1783. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00204.2017 Show abstract

Reyes, A., Laine, C. M., Kutch, J. J., & Valero-Cuevas, F. J. (2017). Beta band corticomuscular drive reflects muscle coordination strategies. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, 11, 17. https://doi.org/10.3389/fncom.2017.00017 Show abstract

Dideriksen, J. L., Laine, C. M., Dosen, S., Muceli, S., Rocon, E., Pons, J. L., Benito-Leon, J., & Farina, D. (2017). Electrical stimulation of afferent pathways for the suppression of pathological tremor. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 11, 178. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2017.00178 Show abstract

Martinez‐Valdes, E., Negro, F., Laine, C. M., Falla, D., Mayer, F., & Farina, D. (2017). Tracking motor units longitudinally across experimental sessions with high‐density surface electromyography. The Journal of Physiology, 595(5), 1479-1496. https://doi.org/10.1113/JP273662 Show abstract

Conference Presentations/Proceedings

Martinez-Valdes, E., Negro, F., Laine, C. M., Falla, D. L., Mayer, F., & Farina, D. (2017). Identifying motor units in longitudinal studies with high-density surface electromyography. In J. Ibáñez, J. González-Vargas, J. Azorín, M. Akay, & J. Pons (Eds.), Converging clinical and engineering research on neurorehabilitation II. Biosystems & biorobotics (Vol. 15, pp. 147-151). Cham, Switzerland: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-46669-9_27 Show abstract


Journal Articles

Laine, C. M., Nagamori, A., & Valero-Cuevas, F. J. (2016). The dynamics of voluntary force production in afferented muscle influence involuntary tremor. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, 10, 86. https://doi.org/10.3389/fncom.2016.00086 Show abstract

Martinez-Valdes, E., Laine, C. M., Falla, D., Mayer, F., & Farina, D. (2016). High-density surface electromyography provides reliable estimates of motor unit behavior. Clinical Neurophysiology, 127(6), 2534-2541. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2015.10.065 Show abstract


Journal Articles

Laine, C. M., Yavuz, S. U., D’Amico, J. M., Gorassini, M. A., Türker, K. S., & Farina, D. (2015). Jaw tremor as a physiological biomarker of bruxism. Clinical Neurophysiology, 126(9), 1746-1753. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2014.11.022 Show abstract

Laine, C. M., Martinez-Valdes, E., Falla, D., Mayer, F., & Farina, D. (2015). Motor neuron pools of synergistic thigh muscles share most of their synaptic input. Journal of Neuroscience, 35(35), 12207-12216. https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0240-15.2015 Show abstract

Ko, N.-h., Laine, C. M., Fisher, B. E., & Valero-Cuevas, F. J. (2015). Force variability during dexterous manipulation in individuals with mild to moderate Parkinson’s disease. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 7, 151. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2015.00151 Show abstract

Dideriksen, J. L., Muceli, S., Dosen, S., Laine, C. M., & Farina, D. (2015). Physiological recruitment of motor units by high-frequency electrical stimulation of afferent pathways. Journal of Applied Physiology, 118(3), 365-376. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00327.2014 Show abstract


Journal Articles

Laine, C. M., Yavuz, S. U., & Farina, D. (2014). Task‐related changes in sensorimotor integration influence the common synaptic input to motor neurones. Acta Physiologica, 211(1), 229-239. https://doi.org/10.1111/apha.12255 Show abstract


Journal Articles

Walls, C. E., Laine, C. M., Kidder, I. J., & Bailey, E. F. (2013). Human hypoglossal motor unit activities in exercise. Journal of Physiology, 591(14), 3579-3590. https://doi.org/10.1113/jphysiol.2013.252452 Show abstract

Laine, C. M., Negro, F., & Farina, D. (2013). Neural correlates of task-related changes in physiological tremor. Journal of Neurophysiology, 110(1), 170-176. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00041.2013 Show abstract


Journal Articles

Laine, C. M., Nickerson, L. A., & Bailey, E. F. (2012). Cortical entrainment of human hypoglossal motor unit activities. Journal of Neurophysiology, 107(1), 493-499. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00769.2011 Show abstract


Journal Articles

Rice, A., Fuglevand, A. J., Laine, C. M., & Fregosi, R. F. (2011). Synchronization of presynaptic input to motor units of tongue, inspiratory intercostal, and diaphragm muscles. Journal of Neurophysiology, 105(5), 2330-2336. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.01078.2010 Show abstract

Laine, C. M., & Bailey, E. F. (2011). Common synaptic input to the human hypoglossal motor nucleus. Journal of Neurophysiology, 105(1), 380-387. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.00766.2010 Show abstract


Journal Articles

Laine, C. M., Spitler, K. M., Mosher, C. P., & Gothard, K. M. (2009). Behavioral triggers of skin conductance responses and their neural correlates in the primate amygdala. Journal of Neurophysiology, 101(4), 1749-1754. https://doi.org/10.1152/jn.91110.2008 Show abstract