Emily Campi MA, OTR/L
Faculty Mentor: Grace Baranek PhD, OTR/L, FAOTA
Research Lab: Innovations in Neurodevelopmental Sensory Processing Research (insp!re)
Year of Entry: 2019
In my current role as a PhD student, I am involved in assessment training and video coding for the Parents and Infants Engaged (PIE) intervention study, which is a “proof of concept” of the PIE intervention for infants at-risk for neurodevelopmental disorders. I am also participating in the efforts of the insp!re lab to develop early screening tools and parent-mediated interventions for autism and related neurodevelopmental disorders by contributing to various ongoing research studies.
My long-term research interests include investigating the impact of a neurodevelopmental diagnosis on the entire family unit, including caregiver balance of engagement across occupations. I am especially interested in the impact of homelessness on caregiver role balance and the caregiver-child relationship as it relates to neurodevelopment.
Master of Arts (MA)
in Occupational Therapy
2020 | University of Southern California
Bachelor of Science (BS)
in Biology; Psychology (double major)
2015 | Santa Clara University
Campi, E., Lord, C., & Grzadzinski, R. (2020). Screening for autism spectrum disorder and developmental delays in infants and toddlers. In K. Chawarska & F. R. Volkmar (Eds.), Autism spectrum disorder in the first years of life: Research, assessment, and treatment (pp. 41-85). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Campi, E., Choi, E., Chen, Y.-J., Holland, C. M., Bristol, S., Sideris, J., Crais, E. R., Watson, L. R., & Baranek, G. T. (2022). Sensory reactivity of infants at elevated likelihood of autism and associations with caregiver responsiveness. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-022-05764-z Show abstract
Infants at elevated likelihood of developing autism display differences in sensory reactivity, especially hyporeactivity, as early as 7 months of age, potentially contributing to a developmental cascade of autism symptoms. Caregiver responsiveness, which has been linked to positive social communication outcomes, has not been adequately examined with regard to infant sensory reactivity. This study examined the multiplicative impact of infant sensory hypo- and hyperreactivity on caregiver responsiveness to sensory reactivity and regulation cues in 43 infants at elevated likelihood of autism. Sensory hyperreactivity was found to moderate the association between sensory hyporeactivity and caregiver responsiveness, such that caregivers of infants with moderately high sensory hypo- and hyperreactivity demonstrated higher responsiveness.
Keywords. Early risk signs; Sensory reactivity; Caregiver responsiveness; Community sample
Williams, K. L., Campi, E., & Baranek, G. T. (2021). Associations among sensory hyperresponsiveness, restricted and repetitive behaviors, and anxiety in autism: An integrated systematic review. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 83, 101763. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2021.101763 Show abstract
Background. Autistic individuals exhibit core and co-occurring features that can be disabling to daily functioning and impede quality of life. The combined expression of three closely related features: sensory hyperresponsiveness, restricted interests and repetitive behaviors, and anxiety, may be a sign to practitioners that experiences in the environment are particularly challenging. These are investigated through many approaches, including animal modelling, neurological or physiological measures, behavioral observation, and first-hand accounts. However, little work has been done to review evidence across approaches to better understand their expression.
Method. This study was an integrated systematic review to identify factors that contribute to the collective expression of three constructs of interests (COIs; hyperresponsiveness, restricted interests and repetitive behaviors, and anxiety). Twenty-two articles were analyzed for both structural and thematic patterns. This review is unique in its inclusion of articles from a variety of disciplines and grouping of studies based on similarities over methodological techniques (i.e. quantitative, qualitative, or mixed methods).
Results. Three overall structural approaches relating the constructs of interest were identified (parallel, relational, and contingent). Three overarching themes also emerged: 1) the broader social context, 2) predictability of environmental factors, and 3) overlap with cognitive and behavioral coping strategies.
Conclusions. Results highlight clinically relevant information about the combined expression of the three COIs and demonstrate possibilities for increased collaboration across disciplines through common themes and study structures to further understand the experiences of autistic people.
Campi, E., Sideris, J., Holland, C., Sopkin, E., Chen, Y.-J., Choi, E., Agostine, S., Bristol, S., Dallman, A., Wiles, A., Watson, L., Crais, E., & Baranek, G. (2020). Caregiver stress & the association between clinically observed and caregiver-reported sensory responsiveness. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 74(4_Supplement_1), 7411505245. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2020.74S1-PO9209 Show abstract
Sensory-processing challenges are measured by caregiver report and clinician observation and affect many people with autism spectrum disorder and their caregivers. It is unclear how caregiver stress influences the correlation between scores on caregiver reports and observational measures. The present analysis explored correlations between two formats of tools to assess sensory processing and indicated that caregiver stress moderates the association between sensory-seeking scores on the measures.