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University of Southern California
University of Southern California
USC Chan Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy
USC Chan Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy
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News and Events

Elementary school students tap imagination and empathy to design mural in new USC research lab
March 21, 2019

Lab studying early screening, sensory issues tied to autism opens with Mirman School field trip visit.

Autism Community and Partners Faculty Research

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By Mike McNulty

Mirman School students interacting with the insp!re lab's wall mural. (Photo by Hannah Benet)

Mirman School students interacting with the insp!re lab’s wall mural. (Photo by Hannah Benet)

Harness the collective imagination of nearly 50 kids, channel it through their art and technology teachers, add a Hollywood production designer’s know-how and unleash it all on a blank canvas inside a new USC research laboratory. What do you get? An interactive wall mural that’s far from your stereotypical enchanted forest — rainbow-maned, purple-horned unicorn and all.

On Mar. 21, an entourage led by 8-, 9- and 10-year-old students from the Mirman School visited the USC Chan Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy to see firsthand the graphic wall mural they designed throughout the past year. Located on Mulholland Drive in Los Angeles, Mirman School is an independent school for gifted children ages 5–14.

Plans for the mural were put in motion last year when USC Chan Associate Dean and Chair Grace Baranek contacted Kristan Andrews, a film and television production designer and the parent of a Mirman School student.

“When Dr. Baranek approached me about creating a mural for her children’s neuroscience laboratory, I thought it might be fun to involve the kids at Mirman,” Andrews said.

Baranek is the director of the Innovations in Neurodevelopmental Sensory Processing Research laboratory — affectionately known as the “insp!re” lab — located on USC’s Health Sciences Campus. Comprised of a multidisciplinary team of experts, the insp!re lab focuses on advancing knowledge and raising awareness of early risk signs of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other childhood neurodevelopmental disorders.

“We really believe that meaningful innovation happens at the intersection of science, creativity and technology,” Baranek said. “The Mirman students collaborated to give us a child’s-eye view of wonder and possibility, which I know will resonate with everybody who comes to participate in our research studies here on campus.”

The artistic process

Grace Baranek speaking with Mirman School students

Grace Baranek speaking with Mirman School students. (Photo by Hannah Benet)

With students taking the creative lead in 2018, Mirman School art teacher Patter Hellstrom and assistant art teacher Giovanni Zelaya guided them as they used Photoshop to digitally build elements of what would become the enchanted forest mural.

“We chose the theme, and the theme really provided a great springboard for imaginative drawing and thinking and color-combinations, along with interactive pieces,” Hellstrom said.

The scope of the project expanded as the students learned more about the needs of the mural’s target audience: future research participants including children with ASD and their families.

“Our students understood the specific challenges of the children coming to the lab, and thought deeply about senses and how we experience our senses,” Hellstrom said. “This collaboration also helped them become part of a team, and to feel a sense of connectedness to something larger than themselves.”

Although not formally a component of any current study designs, the mural isn’t simply waiting room décor. By accommodating the interests and experiences of young children, it affords far more naturalistic interactions than a sterile university research environment. For example, custom plush toys and magnetic creatures based on Mirman students’ artistic renderings offer visitors opportunities for tactile exploration and social interaction.

The lab’s research focuses on developing and refining pediatric screening tools for use in community settings, which can help parents and caregivers flag behavioral concerns potentially tied to ASD, such as differences in sensory reactivity and social communication. Feasible screening tools can lead to earlier identification and follow-up with health care professionals, including occupational therapists. The team is also designing interventions delivered by caregivers to promote infant and toddler development in social-communication, sensory regulation and daily living skills.

“Our research aims to help improve the quality of everyday life for families who have a child with, or at risk for, neurodevelopmental disabilities such as ASD — and everyday life looks different for each and every family,” Baranek said. “This mural is a tangible reminder that the interests and needs of families are at the heart of our research goals.”

The big Mir-mans on campus

One student's hand-drawn frogs were made into magnetic objects that can be placed onto the interactive mural. (Photo by Hannah Benet)

One student’s hand-drawn frogs were made into magnetic objects that can be placed onto the interactive mural. (Photo by Hannah Benet)

At USC, Baranek spoke with the students about occupational therapy, autism and the lab’s research objectives. Many chimed in to share personal perspectives.

“My brother goes to an occupational therapist,” one student said, “and occupational therapists help with people with disabilities who, like people who play piano and they might have lost an arm, the occupational therapist helps them and teaches them how to play piano in a different way.”

In between doing a collage craft activity and taking sips from their juice pouches, the Mirman students got to tour the insp!re lab to see their own artistic ideas brought to life on the mural.

“They made so many copies of my frog!,” one student shouted.

Students also got to see the lab’s “secret room” — an adjacent suite made “secret” by a one-way mirror for confidentially observing and recording research participants.

“I want to spy on my friends!,” laughed one student.

Altogether, the Mirman field trip to USC Chan capped a uniquely collaborative experience, with students, teachers, artists and researchers together laughing, listening and learning about ASD.

“Your senses are just a little different with autism,” one student said, “and your brain just works a little differently than other people.”

Students see how one-way mirrors will be used by the insp!re lab's research studies. (Photo by Hannah Benet)

Students see how one-way mirrors will be used by the insp!re lab’s research studies. (Photo by Hannah Benet)